Paper on MechanoBiology of Chemoresistance.

Alessandro’s and Cecilia’s paper in which they investigated how chemoresistance modulates the mechanical phenotype of cells.


Altered Mechanobiology of PDAC Cells with Acquired Chemoresistance to Gemcitabine and Paclitaxel.

Alessandro Gregori, Cecilia Bergonzini, Mjriam Capula, Rick Rodrigues de Mercado, Erik H. J. Danen, Elisa Giovannetti and Thomas Schmidt.

Background: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) acquired resistance to chemotherapy poses a major limitation to patient survival. Despite understanding of some biological mechanisms of chemoresistance, much of those mechanisms remain to be uncovered. Mechanobiology, which studies physical properties of cells, holds promise as a potential target for addressing challenges of chemoresistance in PDAC. Therefore, we here in an initial step, assessed the altered mechanobiology of PDAC cells with acquired chemoresistance to gemcitabine and paclitaxel.
Methods: Five PDAC cell lines and six stably-resistant subclones were assessed for force generation on elastic micropillar arrays. Those measurements of mechanical phenotype were complemented by single-cell motility and invasion in collagen matrix were investigated using 2D models and 3D extracellular matrix-mimetic, respectively. Further the nuclear translocation of Yes-associted protein (YAP), as a measure of active mechanical status, was compared, and biomarkers of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were evaluated using RT-PCR.
Results: PDAC cells with acquired chemoresistance exert higher traction forces than their parental/wild-type (WT) cells. In 2D, single-cell motility was altered for all chemoresistant cells, with a cell-type specific pattern. In 3D, spheroids of chemoresistant PDAC cells were able to invade the matrix, and remodel collagen more than their WT clones. However, YAP nuclear translocation and EMT were not significantly altered in relation to changes in other physical parameters.
Conclusion: This is the first study to investigate and report on the altered mechanobiological features for PDAC cells that have acquired chemoresistance. A better understanding of mechanical features could help in identifying future targets to overcome chemoresistance in PDAC.

to be read: bioRxiv 2024.04.10.588671

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